Cardiology is a medical
specialty dealing with disorders of the heart (specifically the
human heart). The field includes diagnosis and treatment of
congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure,
valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who
specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists.
Cardiologists should not be confused with cardiac surgeons,
cardiothoracic and cardiovascular, who are surgeons who perform
cardiac surgery via sternotomy - open operative procedures on the
heart and great vessels.
To become a cardiologist
in Malaysia, after those miserable 4-5 years of being House Officers
(HO) and Medical Officers (MO), one will pursue further studies
under several cardiologists at a particular university hospital.
Locals go for UM, UKM, USM etc, overseas opt for MRCP in the UK or
American Cardiology Fellowship or its similar Australian
counterpart. The course usually takes 3-4 years. During this period
of specialization you are called registrar or fellow.
After graduating the cardiology course, passing necessary exams,
you’ll have to work at a hospital. Your title is now a senior
registrar (read: SR). 5 years of HOMO and 4 years specialization.
Well, that is only senior registrar. They’re specialists, but they
are not consultants. To become a consultant, you have to pass
certain exams to upgrade oneself to become consultant. SR usually
works for several years before eligible for examination to become a